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Ctu101 Assignments

 

PENDAHULUAN

Tauhid adalah pegangan pokok dan sangat diperlukan bagi kehidupan manusia kerana tauhidmenjadi landasan bagi setiap amal yang dilakukan. Hanya amal yang dilandasi dengan tauhidullah,menurut tuntunan Islam, yang akan menjadikan kehidupan manusa yang lebih baik dan member kebahagiaan yang hakiki di alam akhirat nanti.Allah Ta’ala berfirman dalam Al-Quran surat An Nahl ayat 97 :Maksudnya :

‘Barang siapa yang mengerjakan amal soleh, baik laki-laki mahupun perempuan dalamkeadaan beriman, maka sesungguhnya akan Kami berikan kepadanya kehidupan yang baik dan sesungguhnya akan Kami beri balasan kepada mereka dengan pahala yang lebih baik dari apa yang telah mereka kerjakan.’ 

Tauhid bukan sekedar mengenal dan mengerti bahwa pencipta alam semesta ini adalah Allah Ta’ala, bukan sekadar mengetahui bukti-bukti rasional tentang kebenaran kewujudan-Nya, dan keesaan-Nya Nya, dan bukan pula sekedar mengenal Asma’ dan SifatNya.Iblis mempercayai bahwa Tuhannya adalah Allah, bahkan mengakui keesaan dan kemahakuasaan Allahdengan meminta kepada Allah melalui Asma’ dan SifatNya. Kaum jahiliyah yang dihadapi olehRasulullah juga meyakini bahawa Tuhan Pencipta, Pengatur, Pemelihara dan Penguasa alam semestaini adalah Allah. Namun, kepercayaan dan keyakinan mereka itu belumlah menjadikan mereka sebagaimakhluk yang berpredikat muslim, yang beriman kepada Allah. Tambahan pula, kebanyakkan umat diakhir zaman masih lagi tidak memahami apakah hakikat tauhid yang benar-benar boleh mendapatkankeredhaan Allah Ta’ala. Jadi memang tidak dinafikan bahawa masih ramai umat Islam yang sudahterpesong dengan ajaran tauhid yang ditetapkan mengikut landasan syariat Islam.

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Reading a book to review it

Choose your book carefully

Being interested in a book will help you write a strong review, so take some time to choose a book whose topic and scholarly approach genuinely interest you.

If you're assigned a book, you'll need to find a way to become interested in it.

Read actively and critically

Don't read just to discover the author's main point or to mine some facts.

Engage with the text, marking important points and underlining passages as you go along (in books you own, of course!).

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Focus first on summary and analysis

Before you read

  • Write down quickly and informally some of the facts and ideas you already know about the book's topic
  • Survey the book--including the preface and table of contents--and make some predictions
  • Here are some questions to ask:

    • What does the title promise the book will cover or argue?
    • What does the preface promise about the book?
    • What does the table of contents tell you about how the book is organized?
    • Who's the audience for this book?

As you read

With individual chapters:

  • Think carefully about the chapter's title and skim paragraphs to get an overall sense of the chapter.
  • Then, as you read, test your predictions against the points made in the chapter.
  • After you've finished a chapter, take brief notes. Start by summarizing, in your own words, the major points of the chapter. Then you might want to take brief notes about particular passages you might discuss in your review.

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Begin to evaluate

As you take notes about the book, try dividing your page into two columns. In the left, summarize main points from a chapter. In the right, record your reactions to and your tentative evaluations of that chapter.

Here are several ways you can evaluate a book:

  • If you know other books on this same subject, you can compare the arguments and quality of the book you're reviewing with the others, emphasizing what's new and what's especially valuable in the book you're reviewing.

  • If you don't know others books on this subject, you can still do some evaluation. Ask, for example:

    • How well does the book fulfill the promises the author makes in the preface and introduction?
    • How effective is the book's methodology?
    • How effectively does the book make its arguments?
    • How persuasive is the evidence?
    • For its audience, what are the book's strengths?
    • How clearly is the book written?

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